Saffron is one of the most expensive plants in the world and belongs to the Iris family.
Because of its difficulty in harvesting it, it requires a lot of manpower to be harvested in traditional and laborious ways.
The purple saffron flower is picked and then dried to get red threads to orange, so that saffron filaments are obtained in their current form as a spice.
To produce half a kilogram of saffron may require the consumption of 75,000 saffron flowers.
Benefits of saffron:
- 1 Benefits of saffron:
- 1.1 1- A source of high nutritional values:
- 1.2 2- Treatment of asthma
- 1.3 3. Combating depression
- 1.4 4- Sleep disorders
- 1.5 5. Cancer control
- 1.6 6. Alzheimer’s disease
- 1.7 7-Promoting sexual health
- 1.8 8- Treatment of menstrual disorders
- 1.9 9- The benefits of saffron for the heart and arteries
- 1.10 10- Benefits of saffron to the eye
- 1.11 11- Benefits of saffron for pregnant woman
- 1.12 Other benefits for saffron
- 1.13 Side effects and interactions:
- 1.14 Nutritional value
The active ingredients contained in saffron and high nutritional values make it many benefits and therapeutic applications, and the pharmaceutical industry, know the most important benefits of saffron:
1- A source of high nutritional values:
Some research has shown that the active substance contained in saffron, known as Safranal, as well as a combination of antioxidants, makes saffron a strong role in the fight against cancers, as well as anti-convulsions, depression and insomnia.
Mn manganese enriches help regulate blood sugar, regulate carbohydrate metabolism, and calcium absorption.
It also helps the formation of tissues, bones and sex hormones and is an important source of iron for hemoglobin formation and contributes to enhancing cell nutrition in the body, oxygen transfer and waste disposal.
Its content of vitamin C and carotenoids makes it an advantage in fighting infection. Its vitamin B6 content helps form red blood cells and promotes nerve functioning. Potassium helps balance fluids in the body, control blood pressure, and promote nerve functioning.
2- Treatment of asthma
Asthma patients usually suffer from shortness of breath and inability to enter air. Eating saffron can contribute to bronchitis in asthma patients, making breathing easier.
However, the evidence in this area is still insufficient, and some research has shown that drinking tea, a mixture of herbs containing saffron, pond bean, anise, chamomile, cardamom and licorice, has contributed to a few asthma symptoms in people with allergic asthma.
3. Combating depression
Eating saffron properly may have positive effects on your mood, and may contribute to the treatment of depression, perhaps mainly due to its containing active substances, potassium and B6.
In addition, it increases blood flow to the brain, which contributes to the production of serotonin, known as the body’s happiness hormone, which contributes to improved mood.
Saffron is involved in the synthesis of some popular prescription sedation medications prescribed to treat depression.
4- Sleep disorders
Eating saffron helps relax and soothe nerves, which contributes to the treatment of insomnia and sleep disorders thanks to its potassium content and some substances with calming properties.
Add a little saffron to a cup of hot milk and drink it before bed to collect this benefit.
5. Cancer control
According to research, saffron may be instrumental in the fight against cancers, due to its active substance content and powerful antioxidants.
In a Mexican study, the effect of saffron extract was examined from active substances such as crocin, which is responsible for giving saffron the golden color and the effect of these substances on cancer cells.
The study found that it was effective in eliminating and destroying cancer cells by sending signals known as (Apoptosis) which causes the cancer cell to commit suicide and prevents it from spreading, especially in the case of skin cancer, without effects on healthy cells in the body.
It is also believed that carotenoids contained in saffron may kill certain types of cancer cells, such as leukemia cells, skin cancer, and lymphomas.
6. Alzheimer’s disease
An Iranian study has shown that oral intake of saffron for 22 weeks may improve symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. This is likely to be due to crocin itself.
Saffron is known in Japan for the treatment of age-related nerve problems such as memory loss, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.
7-Promoting sexual health
Some evidence has found that eating saffron may contribute to the treatment of some sexual problems and infertility problems in men.
Some research has suggested that eating saffron may reduce erectile dysfunction and increase its duration and number.
Other studies have also suggested that saffron may contribute to improving sperm function. It addresses the problem of premature ejaculation. But this area still needs more clear evidence.
8- Treatment of menstrual disorders
It has been found that eating saffron can help relieve symptoms of PMS and her mother, and may help women with irregular menstrual cycles to regulate their cycle.
It has also been found that taking saffron herbs as a supplement may contribute to reducing chronic uterine bleeding.
9- The benefits of saffron for the heart and arteries
Saffron intake may be very beneficial for heart and blood pressure patients if done in moderation, as its high content of copper, potassium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium makes it an important role.
Potassium is an important element for regular and maintaining blood pressure as it is responsible for fluid balance in cells, and is essential for the heart’s action and regulation of its beats. Saffron’s antioxidant and selenium content also helps prevent cholesterol oxidation and prevents infections that can lead to cardiovascular diseases.
Those at risk of atherosclerosis are advised to eat saffron as it reduces the chances of atherosclerosis, saffron acts as an antioxidant and promotes blood flow and circulation throughout the body.
10- Benefits of saffron to the eye
A group of Italian scientists from the ARC Center at Excellence in Vision Science and University of L’Aquila have found that saffron can be a treatment for vision loss caused by aging and contributes to the treatment of certain eye diseases.
Saffron has been found to have a noticeable effect on genes that regulate the primary vision cells of the eye and protect photoreceptors from damage. It may also play a role in the prevention of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and retinitis.
In clinical trials with patients with macular degeneration, it was found that their taking of saffron as a dietary supplement contributed to the healing of infected eye cells.
This claim is also reinforced by The Vision Centre in Australia, which is not only an antioxidant but also has properties that contribute to the protection of vision by affecting genes that regulate the content of fatty acids in the cell membrane and this makes vision cells more flexible and rigid.
11- Benefits of saffron for pregnant woman
It may be said that saffron may have positive effects for pregnant women if taken in moderation and properly, such as mixing a little of it with milk.
However, many warnings may revolve around the safety of the pregnant woman, as the evidence is still insufficient and clear about its effects, as well as a number of serious side effects that may occur if taken in large quantities and orally.
The most common benefits of saffron that fans may take during pregnancy include:
1. Help digestion which is usually slow during pregnancy.
2. Calm the acidity of the stomach.
3. Improve mood.
4. Lower blood pressure.
5- Treat some digestive problems such as constipation.
6. Get rid of puff and gas.
7- Fight morning sickness.
8. Prevents convulsions.
9. Fights anemia thanks to its iron content.
10. Promotes sleep and prevents insomnia.
11- Relieves inflammation and fights cough, asthma and some allergy symptoms that may affect the pregnant woman.
12. Promotes hair growth.
13. Source of some necessary nutritional values during pregnancy such as folic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin A and C.
Of course all these effects still lack clear evidence and determining the safe quantities of them, so our advice to you my pregnant lady may be to find proven and safe ways to solve such problems that you may face during this sensitive phase.
High doses of saffron can act as a hysterectomy and in severe cases can cause miscarriage. Pregnant women are therefore advised to avoid these spices. It may have serious side effects on her health, which may include:
Abortion: It is usually not recommended to eat more than 10g of saffron per day for the pregnant woman, this may increase the risk of miscarriage, as it acts as a alarm for the muscles of the uterus and contributes to increased body temperature and relaxation of muscles.
Vomiting: High doses of saffron may lead to increased stomach disorders and vomiting.
Allergies: Some pregnant women may become allergic to saffron and develop symptoms: dry mouth, headaches, nausea and stress.
More serious symptoms: when taking more saffron such as bleeding nose and eyelids, blood in the urine or stool, numbness of the limbs.
Other benefits for saffron
Enhanced athletic performance: Some research has shown that eating saffron may contribute to enhancing athletic performance and reduce the feeling of stress in men during exercise, due to a chemical contained in saffron known as Crocetin. But this feature needs more evidence to support it.
Psoriasis treatment: Some studies have suggested that eating saffron yume tea along with a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits may reduce psoriasis symptoms. But more studies are still needed to support this.
Other treatments: There are also some other treatments that saffron may enter, but more scientific evidence is needed to support its role, such as: gas release, abdominal murmur disposal, pain treatment, alopecia treatment.
Side effects and interactions:
Eating large amounts of saffron orally is unsafe, so if it exceeds the recommended amount you may notice some possible side effects including:
* Anxiety and stress
* Drowsiness and nausea
* Dry mouth
* Changes in appetite
* Dizziness and headaches.
* Serious symptoms
Allergy reactions can also occur in some people. Large doses may cause poisoning in addition to some serious symptoms such as:
* Yellowing of the skin, eyes and mucous membranes
* Dizziness and nausea
* Bleeding nose, lips and eyelids
* Bloody diarrhea.
Taking a dose of 12-20 grams can also cause death.
As for saffron’s interactions with medicines, there is now nothing clear and specific, and it needs to be studied.
Saffron contains many active compounds and nutrients it is a source of antioxidants, and a group of essential volatile oils, the most famous of which is Safranal, which is responsible for the flavor of saffron.
It also contains: Cineole Sinol, Bethanol Phenethenol, Geraniol Gerainol, Limonene, and many other volatile oils.
The substances responsible for its attractive bright color are carotenoids and an active substance known as a-crocin.
Saffron contains a range of vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid and niacin. It is also a source of many important minerals such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and zinc.
Here’s a table of the nutritional value of 100 g of saffron, according to USDA:
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Calories: 310 calories
Carbohydrates: 65.4 g
Proteins: 11.4 g
Fat: 5.6 g
Dietary fiber: 3.9 g
Potassium: 1724 mg
Sodium: 148 mg