Folic acid, a group of B vitamins that dissolve in water, is important for human health, as it performs many important functions in the body, and it is worth noting that vitamin B9, consisting of folic acid and folate
– Folic acid benefits:
Folic acid provides many health benefits to the human body, and it can be said that it is important for pregnant women in particular, in addition to being important for the production of red blood cells, DNA, hypooxygened RNA, RNA, in addition, folic acid enters the process of cell division and development, and other health benefits:
Reduce the risk of an autistic child:
One study has indicated that pregnant women with folic acid metabolism disorders have a lower risk of giving birth to a child with autism if they have adequate levels of folic acid, but more studies are still needed to prove this.
Reduce the risk of a child with a cleft lip or cleft throat:
Taking folic acid pills during pregnancy can reduce the risk of a baby with a bunny lip, so-called cleft lip, or cleft throat.
Relieve symptoms resulting from taking rheumatoid arthritis medications:
People with rheumatoid arthritis take a drug called methotrexate, which causes folate loss from the body, and may lead to digestive disorders in 20-65% of people, so people who use this drug are advised to take folic acid supplements, but should consult a doctor before then.
Folic acid sources:
Green vegetables are rich in folic acid, but it should be noted that exposing them to high temperatures during the cooking process can reduce their content of this vitamin, and folic acid can be obtained from many foods, including:
Broccoli. Cabbage. Milk. Spinach. The carrots are white. Sunflower seeds. Lentils. Lettuce. Peas. Liver meat. Asparagus. Broccoli. Egg yolks. Some fruits, such as papaya, kiwi, and oranges. The bread that is fortified with folic acid.
Daily needs of folic acid
The following table shows the permissible and recommended amounts of folic acid, depending on the age group of people:
– Age group – daily needs (mcg):
Infants 0-6 months —————– 65
Infants 7-12 months —————– 80
Children 1-3 years: —————- 150
Children 4-8 years —————- 200
Persons 9-13 years ————— 300
Persons 14 years and older ———–400
Carrier —————————– 600
Breastfeeding —————————- 500
People exposed to folic acid deficiency:
Although it is rare for people to develop folic acid deficiencies in the United States, some people may have insufficient proportions of it, including:
1 Women who are able to conceive and give birth: It is important for women planning to become pregnant and have children to have adequate levels of folic acid, in order to reduce the risk of giving birth to a child with neural tube defects
2. Pregnant: Women’s needs for the folic acid increase during pregnancy, as they are important for the manufacture of nucleic acids, so taking them from natural sources may not be enough, so pregnant women are advised to take folic acid pills to confirm that they have sufficient amounts of it.
3 People with malabsorption problems: Some people with absorption disorders, which affect the absorption of nutrients, such as wheat allergy, or inflammatory bowel disease, can lead to a decrease in folic acid levels in the body.